Israeli defence experts have appealed against German plans to sell two modern submarines to Egypt, saying it would upset the balance of power in the Middle East.
Modernising the Egyptian submarine fleet would have “significant strategic effects,” said Schlomo Brom, retired brigadier general, now an academic at Tel Aviv University.
The Financial Times Deutschland reported on Tuesday that a host of Israeli experts were speaking out against the deal.
“In the case of a conflict, they could threaten shipping to Israel’s harbours, upon which we are completely dependent,” said Brom. He said Israel would not be able to effectively defend itself against modern submarines.
The timing of the sale was particularly unfortunate, said Eli Shaked, former Israeli ambassador to Egypt. He said tension in the region was high enough as it was. “One should not increase it,” he said.
Arms sales to the Middle East were, “always about the military balance of Israel and its Arabic environment,” said Shimon Stein, former Israel ambassador to Germany. “We have been observing for a considerable time that the Egyptian army is arming itself – but against which enemy? Libya and Sudan are certainly no threat.”
The relationship between Germany and Israel has deteriorated dramatically recently, wrote Israel’s biggest newspaper Jedioth Achronot this weekend. The sale of submarines to Egypt as announced last week by the head of Egypt’s navy, was just part of a process that had been going on for years, the paper’s Berlin correspondent Eldad Beck wrote.
“It begs the question what the government actually means when it talks of its special responsibility for Israel’s security. It seems to be empty,” he said.
Head of the parliamentary foreign affairs committee, Ruprecht Polenz, of Chancellor Merkel’s Christian Democratic Party, has called for information from the government about the deal.